What is the June Birthstone

What is the Birthstone for June?

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To skip the info stuff and jump to read fun facts and see shiny things, go straight to number 11 for Pearl, 21 for Alexandrite and 32 for Moonstone.🙂 

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What is the Birthstone For June?

What is the June Birthstone? Well, it’s three.

June has three birthstones and all are beautiful.

June is one of only two months with this many birthstones.

People born in June have a choice between pearl, alexandrite, and moonstone.

Pearl and moonstone are both milky in colour. Alexandrite is a rare colour-changing gem and one of the most valuable gems on Earth.

Three beautiful birthstones presenting choices in colour and budget.

June Birthstone Pearl

How is a Pearl Formed?

June birthstone pearl is the only gemstone made by a living creature.

Molluscs produce pearls by depositing layers of calcium around microscopic irritants which find their way into the shells and lodge themselves there.

June Birthstone Pearl Oyster Shell

All molluscs can make a pearl, but only two types of clams use Mother of Pearl to create iridescent “nacreous” pearls that are valued in jewellery. These rare natural gems don’t require polishing to reveal the natural lustre of the pearl.

The rarest and most expensive pearls are made in the wild.

The majority of pearls sold today are cultured pearls. To create cultured pearls, pieces of shell are implanted into pearl oysters or freshwater pearl mussels.

Where are Pearls Found?

Australia is home to one of the world’s largest remaining pearl diving fleets, harvesting natural pearls from the Indian Ocean.

Today, most freshwater pearls are farmed in China, Australia, the Philippines, and Indonesia. 

Are Pearls Heat-Treated?

Pearls are heat-treated to change their colour from white to golden.

Dyeing, filling, and irradiation are some of the main treatments to pearls to change colour, smoothness, and quality of the natural pearl.

What Colour are Pearls?

Natural and cultured pearls come in a variety of colours. White and cream are the better-known colours.

June Birthstone Pearl Necklace

The finest pearls have a reflective lustre making them appear creamy-white with a sheen of many colours.

Cultured freshwater pearls are dyed in different colours, including yellow, green, blue, brown, pink, purple or black.

Black pearls are usually cultured as they are very rare in the wild. They are not actually black but green, purple, blue or silver.

Do Pearls Scratch Easily?

Pearls are very soft and only score 2.5 on the Mohs Hardness Scale and are sensitive to heat and acidity.

Extra care should be taken when wearing pearl jewellery. Avoid all knocks and bumps.

How do I Clean my Pearl Jewellery?

Wipe your pearl birthstone jewellery with a soft cloth after every wear to remove oils and other substances collected. 

Only wipe with a damp cloth if the pearls are looking stained and dirty and always make sure they are completely dry before storing away.

Pearl necklaces and bracelets should be regularly checked by a jeweller. Once a year would be ideal.

Can a Pearl be used in an Engagement Ring?

Definitely yes.

A pearl engagement ring can have a special meaning to couples as the pearl symbolizes harmony, perfection, and purity.

All styles of pearl engagement rings are beautiful, or why not try designing your own?

Fun Facts, Myths and Legends

The June birthstone pearl is making a come back, especially for the younger generation.

The name Pearl originates from the old French Perle, which is taken from the Latin Perna, meaning leg. Leg references to the shape of an open mollusc shell which resembles a leg of mutton.

In Tudor England, the popularity of pearls was great with the upper class. The Tudor Times was also known as The Pearl Age.  The popularity is easy to see in portraits of royals and noble people, wearing jewellery and garments embroidered with pearls.

Queen Elizabeth I Coronation Pearls

Queen Elizabeth I Coronation National Portrait Gallery [Public domain]

Anne Boleyn 1536 wearing Pearls

Anne Boleyn 1556 wearing pearls Wenceslaus Hollar / Public domain

June Birthstone Pearl Earring PaintingJohannes Vermeer / Public domain

Another well known pearl is the pearl earring in the painting by Johannes Vermeer, The Girl with the Pearl Earring (original:  Meisje met de parel)

A beautiful painting which was the subject in Tracy Chevalier’s book, Girl with a Pearl Earring, later turned into a film with Scarlett Johansson and Colin Firth available on Amazon Prime


In the 1900s, Asia saw the first commercial culturing of saltwater pearls. By the 1920s, cultured pearls had almost completely replaced natural pearls, making this gemstone affordable for almost any budget..

Japan is famous for its cultured pearls. The most famous being Mikimoto Pearls. Named after the founder of the industry, Kokichi Mikimoto.

For many cultures, pearls represent purity and innocence. This is one of the reasons why brides traditionally wear pearls on their wedding day.

Believed to be the tears of the gods, the oldest pearl was discovered in the sarcophagus of a Persian princess who died in 520 BC.

According to ancient Japanese Folklore, pearls are created from the tears of mystical creatures like mermaids and nymphs.

Early Chinese civilizations believed pearls were formed in the head of dragons and once the pearls were fully grown they were kept between the teeth of dragons. The dragons had to be slain to release the Pearl which symbolized bravery and wisdom.

In South Asian mythology, pearls were believed to be dewdrops from heaven which fell into the sea. They were caught by shellfish under the first rays of the rising sun during the phase of a full moon.

In India, warriors encrusted their swords with pearls to symbolize the tears of sorrow a sword can bring.

In Europe up until the 17th Century, pearls were used in medicine, in Arabia and Persia, it was believed pearls could cure various kinds of diseases.

To this day in Asia, low-grade pearls are used in medicine.

The chemical formula for pearl is CACO3

30th wedding anniversaries are celebrated with pearls.

June birthstone Pearl jewellery is an ideal gift for all occasions; Birthdays, anniversaries, graduation, Mother’s Day, Valentine’s Day, engagements, and many more.

June Birthstone Pearl, A Few Ideas For You

Pearl Birthstone Rings

Pearl Birthstone Necklaces

Pearl Birthstone Earrings

Pearl Birthstone Bracelets

June Birthstone Alexandrite

The second June birthstone is Alexandrite.

If you immediately think Alexandrite sounds like the names Alexandra or Alexander and think the gemstone was named after someone with one of these names, you are right.

June birthstone Alexandrite was found on 17th April 1834, making it a fairly new gemstone, by a Fin in an Emerald mine in the Ural mountains in Russia. It was mistakenly thought to be an emerald until a colour change was observed, for which alexandrite is known. That day happened to be the birthday of the future Tzar of Russia, Alexander II. The gemstone was named after Alexander, to honour the future Tzar.

Alexandrite is an excellent gemstone for everyday wear.

How is Alexandrite Formed?

June birthstone Alexandrite is formed when the molten rock (lava) which forms in the core of the Earth pushes through to the crust under very high pressure. The molten rock mixes with different minerals whilst travelling through cracks and fissures to reach the Earth’s crust. Depending on which minerals are present in this process determine the gemstone which is created. This journey takes between 2,000 to 3,000 million years.

June Birthstone Alexandrite Rare Green Rock

Rob Lavinsky, iRocks.com – CC-BY-SA-3.0 / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)

The June birthstone alexandrite forms at 250km below the Earth’s surface. Alexandrite and May birthstone emerald are almost always found together. 

Where is Alexandrite Found?

Alexandrite mined from Russia set the quality of future mined gems from across the world, although none match the quality of Russian mined gemstones.

Today, as well as Russia, alexandrite is mined in Sri Lanka, Brazil, Madagascar, Tanzania, and East Africa.

Is Alexandrite Heat-Treated?

Alexandrite is usually not heat-treated as this does not enhance the colour.

What Colour is Alexandrite?

Depending on which colour it is viewed under, Alexandrite changes its colour. It can be green-blue to green, pink to red, purple, multicoloured and even grey.

The changing of colours is caused by its rare chemical composition. This composition occurs very seldom making the gemstone alexandrite a very rare gemstone.  The June birthstone alexandrite is one of the rarest and most valuable gems.

Emerald by day, Ruby by night

June Birthstone Alexandrite Cut Gemstones

Does Alexandrite Scratch Easily?

Alexandrite scores 8.5 on the Mohs Hardness Scale which is a good score for wearing every day. However, as with all jewellery, take care not to expose to hard knocks, hard manual work, and hard chemicals. 

To avoid scratches wrap your alexandrite jewellery after wearing in a soft cloth and keep it separate from other pieces of jewellery to avoid scratches.

How do I Clean my Alexandrite Jewellery?

Clean in mild soapy water. Rinse well and dry and polish with a soft cloth.

How Much is Alexandrite Worth per Carat?

The closer the colour of Alexandrite is to pure green and pure red the more valuable the gemstone is. Blue-green and red alexandrite are worth less than pure green.

A distinctive colour change adds more value. Therefore, the most valuable alexandrite has a 100% colour change from pure green to pure red.

Next, colour, clarity, and size have an effect on the price of this rare and beautiful gemstone.

Can Alexandrite be used in an Engagement Ring?

Yes! This durable gemstone is ideal for an engagement ring.

Remember, alexandrite is very rare so you will often be looking at created Alexandrite jewellery and not naturally mined gemstones

Fun Facts, Myths and Legends

The June birthstone alexandrite is softer than sapphire and harder than garnet, (the other two known colour-changing gemstones).

June birthstone alexandrite is more rare and more valuable than rubies and diamonds. Since the 1960s alexandrite has been synthetically grown in laboratories. This process, however, is very expensive, making the gemstone only less expensive than the natural gemstone but still an expensive precious gemstone in jewellery.

Alexandrite is believed to strengthen concentration and intuition.

It is believed to bring good omens to its wearer and add to creativity and imagination. 

Alexandrite brings joy and gives hope to the wearer.

Alexandrite changes its colour from green to red which are the colours of the Imperial Russian Military, therefore the gem was named the official gemstone of Imperial Russia.

The chemical formula for alexandrite is BeAl2O4

Alexandrite represents the 55th Wedding Anniversary.

June birthstone alexandrite jewellery is ideal for that special someone for all occasions or why not treat yourself. Birthdays, anniversaries, Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, engagements, and graduation to name a few special occasions.

See a complete list of all birthstones and Months of birth here.

June Birthstone Alexandrite, A Few Ideas For You

Alexandrite Birthstone Rings

Alexandrite Birthstone Necklaces

Alexandrite Birthstone Earrings

Alexandrite Birthstone Bracelets

June Birthston Moonstone

The third June birthstone and supposedly preferred of the three birthstones is the moonstone.

Named by the Roman natural historian, Pliny, who described the moonstone as a shimmering appearance, shifting with the waning and waxing phases of the moon.

How is Moonstone Formed?

June birthstone moonstone belongs to the feldspar group of gemstones, it is the most well-known gemstone of this group.

Moonstone is composed of two other members of this group, orthoclase and albite intermingling with each other.

Where is Moonstone Found?

The most important deposits of the June birthstone moonstone are found in Sri Lanka and India. Moonstone is also found in Brazil, Germany, Myanmar, Australia, Mexico, Norway, Tanzania, Switzerland, and the USA.

June Birthstone Moonstone Uncut

Moonstones from India are usually brown, orange or green in colour and quite affordable due to their abundance.

Is Moonstone Heat-Treated?

Moonstone is not subjected to any treatments which are known to benefit other gemstones.

What Colour is Moonstone?

Moonstone is usually colourless but can be found in the colours grey, brown, yellow, orange, green, pink, blue and white. The most common colour is bluish-white through to a silvery colour.

The finest moonstones are colourless with blue shimmer and are found in Sri Lanka. 

Some moonstones have cat’s eyes which is a rare phenomenal reflection of light, causing the moonstone to look like a cat’s eye.

Does Moonstone Scratch Easily?

Scoring 6.0 to 6.5 on the Mohs Hardness Scale, moonstone is not particularly hard. It can scratch easily.

Avoid knocks and bumps on hard surfaces and refrain from hard manual work when wearing moonstone rings.

How do I Clean my Moonstone?

Only clean your moonstone with warm soapy water and dry with a soft cloth. 

Do not use an ultrasonic or a steam cleaner on your moonstone jewellery.

How Much is Moonstone Worth per Carat?

Moonstone is valued by colour, cut, clarity and carat.

Blue is the most valuable colour. 

Moonstone often carries inclusions so the clearer the stone, the more valuable it is. 

Moonstones are usually cut into beads, cabochons or faceted. The Cabochon Cut shows the natural beauty of the stone.

This beautiful gemstone is found in large and small sizes, the large stones are rarer and therefore more valuable.

Can a Moonstone be used in an Engagement Ring?

Yes but, bear in mind this gemstone must be treated with more care than other popular gemstones. Although moonstone is not ideal for an engagement ring which is worn 24/7, with special care it is possible. Chose wisely!

Fun Facts, Myths and Legends

Moonstone was known to ancient civilizations where it was worn as powerful talismans.

The Romans believed it was formed from moonbeams and the stone depicted the image of the moon goddess, Diana.

Similar, Hindu mythology tells of moonstone being made from moonlight.

In medieval times moonstone was popular and saw a revival with the arrival of the New Age Movement.

Since 1970 June birthstone moonstone has been the official gem of the State of Florida, to commemorate the Apollo 11 landing on the moon.

Moonstone is said to be calming, giving balance to the wearer.

Moonstone is said to adopt the bio-rhythm of the wearer.

Moonstone is believed to spark passions in old and new relationships and is a crystal of fertility.

It is believed to protect travellers at night and is often referred to as the travellers stone.

It is used to treat insomnia and sleepwalking, allowing pleasant dreams.

The chemical formula for moonstone is KAlSi₃O₈

Moonstone symbolizes the 13th wedding anniversary and every 13th-year after.

See a complete list of all birthstones and Months of birth here.

The Month of June

The Birth Colours for June are Light Blue, White and Cream

June birth colours light blue, white and cream

The Birth Flower for June is Rose

June birth flower rose

June Birthstone Moonstone, A Few Ideas For You

Moonstone Birthstone Rings

Moonstone Birthstone Necklaces

Moonstone Birthstone Earrings

Moonstone Birthstone Bracelets

Last update on 2021-09-23 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API